Linux vs Windows is an age-old Battleof the operating systems. It has caused manyflame Wars disagreements and almost fanatical behavior on internet forums and blogsfor what seems like forever. I think it isimportant to stress that this session we’ll discussnot which OS is best because it is impossible to come to that conclusionand subjective opinion will never be correct to anyone who isn’t that personholding the belief. There are also some age-old clichesabout these respective systems that has served. No one till date.
What follows hopefullywill be a fair review or comparison on the two OSs that we are going to talkabout today before we begin, let’s discuss theagenda for today. We’re going to start outwith a little introduction to both of our competitors. We are going to talkabout what is Linux. What is Windowswhere they come from? Why do we need them? What are theyspecialities features? Then we are going to discussa little bit about the history of these os’s thenwe are going to go to the main part of the session which is Linux vs Windowsa Toe to Toe comparison of these two versesthen we are going to discuss the distributionstalk a little bit about the latest distributions.
Finally. I’m going to discusswhich operating system is most suitable for which user and then I’m goingto conclude the session also kindly take up this time to go ahead and hitthe Subscribe button to never miss an update from Edureka YouTube channel. So without Much Ado,let’s get started.
So what is Linux nowLinux is a free and open source operating system basedon Unix standards it provides. Interface as well as a user interface compatiblewith the unix-based systems and provides largely a variety of applications a Linux systemalso contains many separately developed elements resultingin Unix system, which is fully compatibleand free from proprietary code.
The traditional monolithickernel is employed in the Linux kernelfor performance purposes, but it’s modular feature showsmost drivers to dynamically load and unload at runtimeLennox protects possesses and is a multi-user systeminter-process communication is supported by both of the mechanisms such asmessage queue shared memory and semaphore an abstract layer is used in Linux to governthe different file systems, but to the users the file system looks likea hierarchical directory tree.
It also supports networked device orientedand virtual file systems. And the storage is accessedthrough a page cache which is Unified with the virtual memory systemsnow to minimize the duplication of share dataamongst various processes. The memory management systemuses paid sharing and copy-on-write now Linux is an open source operating systembased on Unix created in 1991.
It is a software with sites underneath allof the other software on a computer userscan modify existing code and create distributions from it as it is an opensource operating system. Now, this also comes with a graphical interfacewith some necessary software’s which are used on a daily basisand is mostly used as is server as mostof the web pages over the internet are generatedfrom Linux servers and also usedin desktop computers mobile devices gaming consolesdigital storing devices, ebook readers camerasvideo recorders, so on and so Now let’s go ahead and look at our secondcompetitor for today.
So we have Windows Windows isa licensed operating system, which has the source codeas an accessible. It is designed for individualswith a perspective of having no computer programmingknowledge and for business and other commercial users. It is very simple and straightforward to useit is extensible portable and assists multipleoperating environments symmetric multiprocessingand client-server Computing. It offers integratedcaching virtual memory and pre-emptive scheduling nowWindows 10 is the latest release of Microsoft Windows operating system.
It’s default user interfaceis Windows shell and it uses hybrid kernelin the older versions and the microkernel in the new version nowWindows is series of operating systems developed by Microsoft for personalcomputers desktop devices and a few mobile phoneseach operating system.
I’m comes with a graphicaluser interface what the desktop which allows a user to viewall files videos Etc. The first version of the OSwas released in 85, which is a simple GUI and extension of the DiskOperating System or MS-DOS and the major release asof my point of view was in 1995 the consumer release which integrated windows and doors with built-ininternet support. Now, the latest Windows OSversion is the Windows 10, which is currentlyrolling the market next.
Let’s look at a little bit of history on the to nowthe first version of Windows known asWindows 1.0 was revealed in 1985 followingthe formation of Microsoft. It was basedupon the MS-DOS core and at that time the mostwidely used program manager for running applications following the initial launchthe new versions of windows werequickly rolled out including the first major update in And quickly followedby Windows three in the same year the Journey of the evolution happenedquickly and in 1995, perhaps the mostwidely used version yet Windows 95 was borndon’t you all remember those days at this point when those ranon a 16-bit dos-based colonel and a 32-bit user spaceto enhance the user experience.
Can you think of this 32 bitsof user space? We have more than thatin our cell phones now, but getting backto the point Windows hasn’t changed a lot in terms ofcore architecture since 95 and although the vast amountsof features have been added onto the address of modern Computingmany of the elements.
We recognize todaywere ever present. For example the startmenu the taskbar and the Windows Explorerwhich is now called as the file explorerall presented themselves in Windows 98 Linuxwas launched much later than Windows in 1991 it was By this finish engineeringstudent Linus Torvalds who wanted to createa free operating system kernel that anybody could use although it still was regarded as a veryBare Bones operating system without a graphicalinterface like Windows it nevertheless grewconsiderably within just a few years but a few lines of source codein its original release to where it stands today containing more than twentythree point three million lines of source code Linuxwas first distributed under the gnu general publiclicense in 1992 with that. Let’s move on toLinux vs. Windows.
This might be the reason mostof you are still hooked onto the session. So let’s start up with users. Now. There are three typesof users in Linux. You have regular administrative and service now a regularuser account is created for you when you install Ubuntu on the system allyour files folder. Are stored inslash home slash, which is your home directory. And as a regular useryou do not have access to directories of other users. Next you have the root user or the administrative user otherthan your regular account. Another user account is calledroot and it is created at the time of installation.
The root account isa super user account who can access restrictedfiles install software and have administrative privileges. Hence the name administrativeuser whenever you want to install software make changesto the system files or perform any administrativetasks on Linux. You need to loginas a root user.
Otherwise for General tasks, like playing musicbrowsing the internet, you can use your regular account and the third and finalaccount is the service user Linux is a widely used asa server operating system and services such as Apachesquared email Etc have their own individualservice accounts having a service accountincreases the security Of your computernow Lennox can allow or deny access to various resources dependingon the service now in Windows, there are four typesof user accounts.
You have youradministrator standard child and guest account. Next. Let’s go ahead and look at usage now accordingto the market research data of the Septemberof 2007 92 percent of the world’s specieshad Windows running while only about a percentof PC users use Linux the home users multimediaenthusiasts mainly used Windows, whereas for serious use server application Corporationservers for running on Linux irrespective of the GUI many users foundit difficult to use Linux as compared to Windowsobviously due to the command line interface. And so the appealof Linux was very limited to Common People alsofor licensing agreement with Microsoft variousPC vendors are entitled to bundle Windows OS That PC and for this Windows gain the initial Marketpopularity over Lennox though these daysmany PC vendors such as Dell and HP started to give Linux as a pre-installed OS to cutthe cost of that PC system.
According to the latestIDC report Windows Server Market is gaining popularity over Linuxbased server the annual rate at which Linux is growing in the x86 server spacehas fallen from a high of 53 percent to 45 percent. Globally. The main reason is that why Linuxservers are looking for high performance Computingand web serving Windows is apparently adoptedon a much broader basis next. Let’s move ahead and lookat what the Colonel’s are.
Like now Linux uses a monolithic kernel whichconsumes more running space whereas Windows uses the microkernel asof the latest versions, which take less space with a system running efficiencyis lower than Linux next. Let’s look at file systemsin the Microsoft Windows files are stored in folders ondifferent data drives like CDE, but in Linux files are ordered in a tree-like structurestarting the root directory.
Now this road directorycan be considered as the start of a file system and it further branchesout very subdirectories. Now the root is denotedwith a forward slash and a general tree like systemon your Unix may look like something like thison your screen in Linux and Unix everything isa file directories are files files arefiles and devices like printer Mouse keyboardsare also files which is not the casein your Microsoft Windows at number 5.
We have security every Windowsuser has faced security and stability issues. Since Windows is the mostwidely consumed OS hackers Pam has all target windowsby frequently consumer versions of windows were originallydesigned for He’s a few rules of a single user PCwithout a network connection and do not have the securityfeatures built-in Microsoft releases security patches through its Windowsupdate service approximately once a month, although critical updatesare made available at shorter intervals when necessery many times users of Windows OS facethe blue screen of death caused by the failureof the system to respond and eventually the user hasto manually restart the PC.
This is super frustrating and it also may causeyou to lose valuable data on the other handLinux is a very stable OS and is more securethan Windows as Linux is community-driven developedthrough people collaboration and monitored constantlyby the developers from every corner of the world. Any new problemRays can be solved within just a few hours and the necessery patchwill be ready at the same time. Also Linux is based on Unix.
Which is a multi-user OS so it is a much more stablethan a single user OS such as Windows next. Let’s look at compatibilityof the to hear Windows shoots and scores here is where the Redmond offeringwipes the floor with Linux despite recent improvementsin software being ported or developed Linux Windows isstill the king users of windows can be certain that most software’swill work and even obscure outdated softwarewill continue to work even when it is abandoned bydevelopers Windows has good Legacy supportplain and simple.
I know of commercial softwarethat still relies on Technologies likeSilverlight ActiveX and Internet Explorer 11 Linux on the other handcan struggle with the basics that Windows users take for granted Adobe Flash Playeris something else that is missing on Linuxfor a really long time and even when it Appearwith repositories. It was not as actively developedas Windows versions with regard to file systems Linuxcan also read and write to NTFS andf80 formatted devices and USB sticks.
Whereas windows will haveno idea what extension for is at number 7 we have ease of use. Now. This is a tough one to callLinux over the recent years has made huge leapsin usability distributions, like Linux Mint have madeinstallation and setup pretty simple even non-technical userscan install and use software and do normal day-to-dayactivities like web browsing answering emails playing music and watching videos Windows dueto high Market proliferation is the default OS of many devices now thinkof it people like you and me we grew up on Windows right buy a new laptop or a PC.
There is a very high chance that it comeswith windows installed users are used to clicking. Toolbar opening thefavorite programs which makes it good for powerand non power users. Next. We have privacy Linux users havea private operating system that does not spy on them and does not formhome with any degree of seriousness period choosingLinux means the system is yours and yours alone add to the mix that most Linux systems come with an option of a built-inmilitary-grade encryption and users can be sure that the device haveposes no real problem to their own data asa contrast increasingly over the last few yearsWindows has gotten more advert driven users are given the choiceto opt out and are some clever registry hacks that can help but advertising is now a part of Redmond’splan windows can also watch what users do offering syncingto Microsoft OneDrive service.
How to learn Behavior to make Cortana the Microsoft personalassistant better personally, I do not favor these kindof intrusive tools but some users dolike these features like who wouldn’t wanta personal assistant in your laptop. You already haveyour Google assistant and your Series right? Next you have source code nowthis all of you might know Linux is open source.
Whereas Windows is commercial so users have accessto the source code of Linux and can alter the codeas per user need whereas Windows usersdo not have any access to their source code. Now. This has its ownadvantages in Linux, like bugs and Os will fixat a rapid pace and disadvantages likedevelopers may take advantage of any weakness in the OS if they are found in Windowsevery user would not have access to the source code only members of a selected and qualifiedgroup will have access to it.
Do you have license now the Linux kernel and the gnuutilities and libraries which accompany it in most distributions areentirely free and open source, you can downloadand install gnu Linux without any purchase somecompanies offer paid support for their Linux distributions, but the underlying softwareis still free to download and install a funnyfolklore here is that Linus Torvaldsactually was an introvert and did not wantcompanies to communicate with him through email. He did not want to be spammedby all these big companies running the industry to buythe source code to his Colonel.
So basically what he didwas he made it open source for everybody to accessfunny, isn’t it? Now on the other hand youhave Microsoft Windows which usually costs between 99to one ninety nine US dollars for each licensed copy nowWindows 10 was originally being Offered as a free upgrade to current ownersof Windows 7 or 8 .1 if they upgradedbefore the 29th of July 2016, but that offer isno longer available. When you havereliability now Windows as we know it becomessluggish day after day, you will want to reinstallWindows after a while when you encounter crashesor slowdowns on your system.
If you’re using Linux, you will not have to worryabout reinstalling it just to experience a fastersmoother system Linux helps your system run smooth for a longer period of timein fact much much longer in my experiencealso with Windows, you will have to adaptto a habit where you keep on rebooting the systemfor just about everything if you justinstall software reboot, if you recentlyuninstall software reboot, if you just installa Windows update reboot and if the system seems to slowdown you guessed it reboot.
However in the caseof Linux you will not Reboot for the Situation’s previouslymentioned you can comfortably continue with your work and Linux will not willhonor you another fact that proves a Linuxto be a reliable source are the web serversyou could observe that most of the internet giantslike Google and Facebook run on Linux even most of allthe supercomputers run on Linux. So why isn’t Windowspreferred over Linux it is because Linux is far more reliable than Windowsperiod no arguments.
Finally. We have support nowWindows has a support which is easily accessibleonline forums or websites and it has paid supportas well in a Linux system. You need not hire expertsto solve a problem. You just need to searchfor a familiar thread on the web for a solution or post a thread to letothers know of the problem within minutes of postingthe thread on any Linux Forum. You may expect a replyalong with a detailed solution, which would finallyhelps resolve. Problem at no cost.
It’s like Linux has its ownstack Overflow Community. Doesn’t it now? There are a lotof active Linux users who are always ready to respondto a relevant thread that might have created the number of community usersactive on such forums as more than the number of activemembers on any Windows focused Forum any day. However, the community responsemight be depending on the Linux distributionbeing used with that. I come to the end of my Linuxvs.
Windows segment. The last categoryis distributions. Now before we begin Ineed to address one of the more confusing aspectsto the Linux platform while Windows has maintained a fairly Standard Versionstructure with updates and version split into tearsLinux is far more complex originally designed by The Finnish student LinusTorvalds the Linux kernel today underpins allLinux OS has however As it remains open source, the system can be tweaked and Modified by anyonefor their own purposes.
What we have is a result arehundreds of bespoke Linux based operating systems knownas distributions or destroyers. This makes it incrediblydifficult to choose between them far more complicated than simply picking Windows7 Windows 8 or Windows 10 given the natureof Open Source software. These destroyers can varywidely in functionality and sophistication and many are constantlyevolving the choice can seem overwhelming and particularly the differencesbetween them aren’t always immediately obviouson the other hand. This also has its own benefits.
The variety of differentLinux distros is so great that you can all findsomething that suits your particular taste. Do you prefer a Mac OSstyle interface you’re in luck Elementary OS is a Linux distro builtto mirror the look and feel of an appleinterface similarly. If you yearn for the daysof Windows XP, you can bringthat back with the q400s which darkens backto the Microsoft’s fan favorite. Now, there are more specializedLinux flavors such as distros designed to giveAncient low-powered computers a new lease of life or super secure distros that can be booted froma USB drive to keep you safe when using an unfamiliar PC.
Naturally. There are also numerous Linuxversions for running servers and enterprise-gradeapplications for those who are new to Linux. I’d like to recommend Ubuntuas a great starting point. It is very user friendly evencompared to Windows while still being versatile and feature Rich enoughto satisfy experience techies is the closest thing Linux hasto a default distro. Although we would urgeeveryone to come and explore various distribution optionsavailable and find out what is your favorite.
Next let’s look at which OSis most suitable for you. Now. This one depends onwhat you need to do. Both Linux and windows are rich in multimedia applicationsthose setting up sound and video options in the older versions of Linuxcan be difficult for some users. The main advantageof Linux that most of the multimedia applicationsare freely available while in the caseof Windows users might have to pay a hefty amountto get the software. Although many open sourcefree versions are often available more ever if anybody buys a copyof Windows on a CD-ROM. They do not getany application software with it other thanthe bundled Microsoft software.
But if the same personbuys a copy of a Linux it typically comes with a lot of free application softwaresuch as OpenOffice a complete free office suite includingspreadsheets presentations. So on and so fortha new computer with Windows pre-installed may have additional applicationsoftware for that is totally After the PC vendor, but each Linux distro comeswith multiple flavors, the more expensiveversions come up with more application software. If you’re a gamer and needhundred percent compatibility with a particular software or want a user-friendly systemhands down Windows wins steam amongst other clients and options providesa huge number of games for both AAA Publishersand small Indie developers while Steam for Linux now allowsyou to install Windows games.
It is still in beta phase andnot all windows games will work. It can be a little frustratingfor Linux users like myself and no doubt the situationwill change in the future. But as of now in 2019many Linux users miss out on the top gameswith their choice of os the graphics card vendors also tend to support Windowsplatforms rather than Linux. They provide timely updatesand new features that don’t alwaysfilter to other OS has if An advocateof Open Source software or if your device simply is too old or lower spec to run Windows or just plain tiredof all the forced updates and reboots in Windows.
Then Linux is a greatoption Linux supports almost all major programming languagespython C C++ Java Perl Ruby Etc. It offers a vast range of applications usefulfor programming purposes to now the Linux terminal is superior to use over Windowscommand line for developers. You would find many librariesdevelop natively for Linux. Also, a lotof programmers point out that the package manager on Linux helps them get thingsdone easily interestingly.
The ability of bashscripting is one of the most compelling reasonswhy programmers prefer Linux OS Linux also brings inNative support for secure shell which would help you manageyour service quickly. You could include thingslike apt-get commands which further Linux one of the most popularchoices for programmers. I hope this has been a more objective look onboth systems showing situations where each has its benefitsand disadvantages. I haven’t discussedevery difference or area because there are simplytoo many I use Windows and Linux both in equal measurebased on what I need to do.
I know by duelbot or virtualbox. So do you like Windows or do youlike Linux this platform is open for arguments. I hope you have enjoyed listening to this Post.